Sending Ether with Nethereum

This article will show you how to send Ether using a local Ethereum Node.

Note

You also have the possibility to run similar code directly in your browser by using Nethereum’s playground at the following link: Ether: Transfer Ether to an account

Pre-requisites

The below instructions apply to Windows, Mac and Linux OSes.

Install .NET

First, make sure your environment is set to work with .NET Core, you can find all the instructions on https://www.microsoft.com/net/learn/get-started

Create a .NET app

In a new directory, use the dotnet command to create a new console app:

$ dotnet create new console

Your app directory now contains a file named: Program.cs this is the file that we will use throughout this tutorial.

Install Nethereum packages

You can now add Nethereum to your stack by installing one of Nethereum Nugets

For this Tutorial, you will need Nethereum Web3:

$ dotnet add package Nethereum.Web3

Prerequisites:

First, let’s download the test chain matching your environment from https://github.com/Nethereum/Testchains

Start a Geth chain (geth-clique-linux\, geth-clique-windows\ or geth-clique-mac\) using startgeth.bat (Windows) or startgeth.sh (Mac/Linux). The chain is setup with Proof of Authority consensus and will start the mining process immediately.

Then, let’s add using statements to Nethereum.Web3.

using System;
using Nethereum.Web3;
using Nethereum.Web3.Accounts;
using Nethereum.Web3.Accounts.Managed;
using Nethereum.Hex.HexTypes;

Sending a transaction

To send a transaction, we will manage our account and sign the raw transaction locally.

Here is how to set up a new account by creating an account object instance:

var privateKey = "0xb5b1870957d373ef0eeffecc6e4812c0fd08f554b37b233526acc331bf1544f7";
var account = new Account(privateKey);
The next step is to create an instance of Web3, with our account object as argument.

var web3 = new Web3(account);
We also need to instantiate a variable with our recipient’s address as value:
var toAddress = "0x13f022d72158410433cbd66f5dd8bf6d2d129924";

Sending Ether using the EtherTransferService with the default gas price and gas amount

The tranfer of Ether is the simplest transaction on chain. This type of transaction uses the default amount of Gas 21000. Each transaction has a price per unit of gas, if we don’t specify the gas price the current average price provided by the client would be used.

Using the EtherTransferService, we can simply do an Ether transfer as follows:

var transaction = await web3.Eth.GetEtherTransferService()
                .TransferEtherAndWaitForReceiptAsync(toAddress, 1.11m);

Note, that the amout supplied is in Ether and the service converts it to Wei, the lowest unit value used for transactions.

Sending Ether using the EtherTransferService with the default gas amount but suplying the price

We can also choose the gas price for our transaction, in this case the last argument. The higher price of a transaction cost, the higher the possibility to be picked and prioritised by the miners quickly.

The unit used to provide the price is Gwei, in this scenario 2 GWei.

var transaction = await web3.Eth.GetEtherTransferService()
                .TransferEtherAndWaitForReceiptAsync(toAddress, 1.11m, 2);

Sending Ether using the EtherTransferService providing both the price and the amount of gas

If sending Ether to a smart contract, this might require a bigger amount of gas than the default due the smart contract doing further processing.

In this scenario, we can do the following:

var transaction = web3.Eth.GetEtherTransferService()
                .TransferEtherAndWaitForReceiptAsync(toAddress, 1.11m, 2, new BigInteger(25000));

Using a HD Wallet

Note

If you’re not already familiar with HD Wallets you can learn more in this article and by using Nethereum’s playground at the following link: Accounts: HD Wallets (Introduction)

Required Namespaces:

Nethereum.Web3, Nethereum.HdWallet;
The process of transferring Ether using a HD Wallet is the same as using a standalone account, the only difference lies in initiating a HD Wallet and loading one of its accounts in a Web3 instance.
string Words = "ripple scissors kick mammal hire column oak again sun offer wealth tomorrow wagon turn fatal";
                string Password = "password";
var wallet = new Wallet(Words, Password);
var account = wallet.GetAccount(0);
var toAddress = "0x13f022d72158410433cbd66f5dd8bf6d2d129924";
var web3 = new Web3(account);
var transaction = await web3.Eth.GetEtherTransferService()
                .TransferEtherAndWaitForReceiptAsync(toAddress, 1.11m, 2);